Brain Vitale™ is a unique nootropic formulation whose ingredients provide overlapping benefits through complementary and synergistic mechanisms of action.
GPC — a naturally occurring source of choline; it is a water-soluble molecule shown to be a more clinically effective source of choline than choline or phosphatidylcholine (PC) from diet or supplements; helps to increases choline reserves inside neurons, where it is used for synthesis of PC and ACh.*
Citicoline (CDP-choline) — broken down during intestinal absorption into two compounds: 1) choline, which crosses the BBB and may be used for ACh production, and 2) cytidine, which boosts synthesis of cytidine triphosphate (CTP), a cofactor for the reaction incorporating choline into phosphatidylcholine.* Thus, citicoline supplies precursors for the synthesis of phospholipids, major constituents of brain tissue that support neuronal communication.*
Acetyl-L-Carnitine (ALCAR) — a derivative of L-carnitine; is actively transported across the BBB; complements compounds that provide the choline component of ACh, such as GPC or citicoline.
Coffee Fruit Concentrate — stimulates production of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a protein that stimulates the development, differentiation, and protection of neuronal survival in the central and peripheral nervous systems and is linked to cognitive and mental health.*
Phosphatidylserine (PS) — a crucial component of cell and mitochondrial membranes, making it essential for optimal brain function. PS has a unique role in supporting neurotransmitter release and receptor function, as well as intracellular signaling, all of which enhance communication between brain cells.*
Ginkgo biloba — helps improve microcirculation to brain cells, thus helpful for supporting memory, a healthy balance of catecholamine, serotonin and cortisol levels, and offering the brain protection from stress-induced neuronal death.*